In some power measurement applications, the current in the device under test is higher than what can be applied directly to the power analyzer current input terminals. Current transformers are used to step down high AC and DC currents to a lower level that can be measured directly by the power analyzer. These systems safely step down currents while preserving the highest accuracy.
Instrument transformer is a general term for voltage transformers and current transformers that are used with electrical instruments. The main purpose of instrument transformers is to extend the measurement range for electrical quantities (voltage, current, power, power factor) on large-current and high-voltage circuits. They serve to convert currents and voltages to levels that are suitable for measurement, and to insulate the instrument, etc. from high-voltage circuitry.
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